R&D lines

Unit of advanced porous materials

Dr. Patricia Horcajada

Senior Researcher & Head of Unit


Dr. Yolanda Pérez

Senior Associate Researcher


Dr. Tania Hidalgo

Senior Assistant Researcher


Dr. Catalina Biglione

Senior Assistant Researcher


In the Advanced Porous Materials Unit at IMDEA Energy we work with the aim of developing new multifunctional porous materials, which mainly include hybrid materials such as MOFs or metal-organic networks, but also perovskites, oxides, metallic particles and various composites. Through their exhaustive characterisation, the aim is to understand and improve their physicochemical properties with the objective of applying them in different areas of socio-economic relevance such as energy, environment or health. The scaling and production of solids is also considered.

Research lines 

  • Fuel cells: new materials with proton conductivity.
  • Photovoltaics: semiconductor materials
  • Energy production and storage: photo/electroactive solids
  • Environmental and Health: adsorbent and catalytic biomaterials.


The unit’s laboratory equipment enables the synthesis and physico-chemical characterisation of materials and the evaluation of their effectiveness in different applications. All this, together with the staff that make up our group, allows us to advance day by day in our research objectives.

R&D projects

Outstanding results

Proton conducting materials: fuel cells

  1. P. Salcedo-Abraira, S.M.F. Vilela, N. Ureña, F. Salles, A. Várez, P. Horcajada, Ion-exchanged UPG-1 as a potential electrolyte for fuel cells, Inorg. Chem, 2021, 60, 16, 11803–11812

Semiconducting materials: photovoltaics

2. A. Babaryk, Y. Pérez, M. Martínez, M.E.G. Mosquera, M.H. Zehender, S.A. Svatek, E. Antolín, P. Horcajada, Reversible dehydration-hydration process in stable bismuth-based hybrid perovskites J. Mater. Chem. C 2021, 9, 11358-67

Photo/electroactive materials: energy storage and production

3. A Pendashteh, S. M. F. Vilela, I Krivtsov, D Ávila-Brande, J Palma, P. Horcajada*, R Marcilla*, Bimetal ZIF-9-Derived N-doped Porous Carbons as Efficient Oxygen Electrocatalysts for Rechargeable Zn-Air Batteries, J Power Sources, 2019, 427, 299-308

4. P Salcedo-Abraira, A A. Babaryk, E Montero-Lanzuela, O R. Contreras-Almengor, M Cabrero-Antonio, T Willhammar, E Svensson Grape, A Kentaro, S Bals, S Navalón, E Elkäim, H García, P. Horcajada. A novel Ti-squarate IEF-11 as efficient photocatalyst for the overall water splitting under simulated sunlight irradiation in water splitting reaction  Adv. Mater., 2021, 33(52), 2106627

Adsorbent and catalytic materials: biomedical applications

5. C. Fernández-Paz, S. Rojas, P. Salcedo-Abraira, C. Remuñán-López, P. Horcajada, Metal-Organic Framework microspheres formulation for pulmonary administration, ACS App. Mater. Inter.  2020, 12(23), 25676-25682

6. S Rojas, T Hidalgo, Z Luo, D. Avila, A Laromaine, P. Horcajada, Pushing the limits on the intestinal crossing of Metal Organic Frameworks: an ex vivo and in vivo detailed study, ACS Nano. 2022, DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.1c10942

Adsorbent and catalytic materials: environmental applications

7. A. Arenas-Vivo, S. Rojas, I. Ocaña, A. Torres, M. Liras, F. Salles, D. Arenas-Esteban, S. Bals, D. Ávila, P. Horcajada, Ultrafast reproducible synthesis of an Ag-nanocluster@MOF composite and its superior visible-photocatalytic activity in batch and continuous flow, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2021, 9, 15704 – 15713

8. Patent P201931095: Redes metal-orgánicas a base de pireno-fosfonato. Filed 11/12/2019 (OEPM). Owner: Fundación IMDEA Energía. Inventors: Horcajada, P.; Salcedo, P.; Rojas, S.; Felipe-Vilela, S.