R&D units

Unit of electrical systems

Dr. Milan Prodanovic

Senior Researcher & Head of Unit


Dr. Javier Roldán

Senior Assistant Researcher


The main activity of the Power Systems Unit at IMDEA Energy is the development of intelligent algorithms for the proactive management of energy resources in electrical grids and microgrids. We work to improve the integration of renewable energies and storage and to enhance energy savings and efficiency.

Research lines

  • Integration of renewable energies and storage.
  • Control of power electronics converters for grid applications.
  • Stability of electricity grids with high penetration of renewable energies.
  • Optimal energy management and energy efficiency applications.


We have an intelligent energy integration laboratory for the real-time simulation of electrical grids and microgrids, the development of energy resource management systems and the analysis of stability, power quality and control strategies for microgrids and power electronics converters.

R&D projects

Outstanding results

Reliability of power networks high share of renewable energy:

  • Alberto Escalera, Milan Prodanović, Edgardo D. Castronuovo, Javier Roldan-Perez, “Contribution of active management technologies to the reliability of power distribution networks¨, Applied Energy, Volume 267, 2020, 114919, ISSN 0306-2619, DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114919. (IF:8.426)
  • A. Escalera, B. Hayes, M. Prodanovic, “A survey of reliability assessment techniques for modern distribution networks,” in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 91, pp. 344–357. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.02.031 (IF:10.556)

Stability of power networks with high share of renewable energy:

  • A. Rodríguez-Cabero,  M. Jiménez Carrizosa, J. Roldán-Pérez and M. Prodanovic: “Stability Analysis and Hierarchical Control of dc Power Networks”. Book Chapter “Modeling, Operation, and Analysis of DC Grids”, Academic Press (Elsevier). 2021. ISBN: 9780128221013
  • D. P. Morán-Río, J. Roldán-Pérez, M. Prodanović and A. García-Cerrada, “Influence of the Phase-Locked Loop on the Design of Microgrids Formed by Diesel Generators and Grid-Forming Converters,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 5122-5137, May 2022, doi: 10.1109/TPEL.2021.3127310. (IF: 6.153 )
  • D. Moutevelis, J. Roldán-Pérez, M. Prodanovic and S. Sanchez-Acevedo, “Bifurcation Analysis of Active Electrical Distribution Networks Considering Load Tap Changers and Power Converter Capacity Limits,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 7230-7246, June 2022, doi: 10.1109/TPEL.2022.3141234. (IF: 6.153 )

Power converter control:

  • J. Roldán-Pérez, A. Rodríguez-Cabero and M. Prodanovic, “Design and Analysis of Virtual Synchronous Machines in Inductive and Resistive Weak Grids,” in IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 1818-1828, Dec. 2019. DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2019.2930643 . (IF 4.614)
  • A. Rodríguez-Cabero, J. Roldán-Pérez, M. Prodanovic, J. A. Suul and S. D’Arco, “Coupling of AC Grids via VSC-HVDC Interconnections for Oscillation Damping Based on Differential and Common Power Control,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 6548-6558, June 2020. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2019.2952656  (IF:7.224)
  • M. E. Zarei, D. Ramirez, M. Prodanovic and G. Venkataramanan, “Multivector Model Predictive Power Control for Grid Connected Converters in Renewable Power Plants,” in IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1466-1478, April 2022, doi: 10.1109/JESTPE.2021.3077953. (I.F 4.472)
  • Reduced Inertia Transient Stability Enhancement / RITSE,  convocatoria Grid 2030, REE. En colaboración con REE y SuperGrid Institute, Lyon. Periodo: 2019 – 2020.
  • INVERSOR DE BATERÍAS CON CONTROL INTEGRADO DE CONVERTIDOR Y MICRORRED (MICROGRID-ON-CHIP). Convocatoria: RETOS – Colaboración 2017, MINECO, RTC-2017-6262-3, Empresa coordinador: Norvento Energía Distribuida SL. Periodo: 2018-2021 
  • Coordinación de almacenamiento distribuido para mejorar la continuidad de suministro en redes de distribución – COORALMA. Fundación Iberdrola. Periodo: 2019-2020
  • Recuperación energética en ensayos de validación de grupos electrógenos/RECUPERENE. Con empresa GENESAL, 2020
  • POD4PV – Power Oscillation Damping using PV plants. Contrato con SolairDirect,México. Periodo 2020
  • Analysis of electricity quality – investigation of AB Energijos skirstymo operatorius in the electricity distribution network. Convocatoria de DSO Lituano. En colaboración con LEI, Lituania. Periodo: 2020-2021
  • NextFactory – Integración de energías renovables en una fábrica. Contrato con empresa GENESAL. Periodo 2021
  • Eficiencia energética en sistemas de ensayos de vibración. Contrato con empresa IMV, Japón. Periodo 2019-2020